Causes of Malnutrition - Comment
1. Causes and Disease of Malnutrition
2. Poor Diet - One of the most common causes of malnutrition is the lack of nutritious and balanced diet. -Not having enough of the healthy foods we need each day, or consuming too many types of food and drink.
3. Illness and Medical Conditions Illness and medical conditions can have a great impact on one’s nutrition. Digestive disorders and stomach conditions may upset the ability to digest food and absorb the necessary nutrients that may help in the growth and development of the body. Taking lot’s of medicine may affect the body’s capacity to break down nutrients.
4. Mental Health Problems Anorexia Nervosa Is an eating disorder and metabolic condition that results in excessive weight-loss and extreme thinness caused by self- starvation. Bulimia Is a psychological eating disorder in which you’ve consuming a large quantity of foods in one sitting.
5. Physical Factor Persons with disability or impairment have difficulty choosing the right kind of food. Poor dental hygiene, badly fitting dentures, and painful gums may prevent people from eating properly which may result in inadequacy of the required nutrients.
6. Protein Energy Malnutrition - Protein serves as the building block of the body. It helps maintaining, developing, and repairing body tissues. It also helps in providing energy for the body. - if the consumption of protein is insufficient, protein energy malnutrition (PEM) occurs. Protein Energy Malnutrition causes diseases such as marasmus, and kwashiorkor. - Protein hastes the creation of hormones. These hormones helps controlling bodily functions. It is also responsible in forming antibodies which prevent infectious, illness and disease. Protein helps in destroying bacteria and viruses.
7. Marasmus - Occurs when there is a sever deficiency of essential nutrients such as protein and carbohydrates. It is characterized by loss of muscle mass and body fat, mental and intellectual impairment, and stunted growth.
8. Kwashiorkor - It is also called wet protein energy malnutrition. It is primarily characterized by fluid retention or swelling of the stomach. Children suffering from kwashiorkor often develop of bulging belly and extremely thin arms and legs. Their immune system becomes weak and they show behavioural defect and mental retardation.
9. Micro Nutrient Deficiencies Micronutrients are composed of vitamins and minerals which are needed by the body in small amounts to ensure normal metabolism as well as growth and development. Insufficient dosage of these nutrients in the body may lead to different kinds of micronutrient deficiencies.
|Posted by : peter88||Post date : 2020-10-19 22:59|
|Category : Health & Medicine||Views : 54|