Teotihuacan Culture: Economy, Religion and Characteristics
Posted by catrinathomas from the Human Interest category at 26 May 2022 10:49:30 am.
Who were the Teotihuacanos?
The Teotihuacanos were a culture created around the city of Teotihuacan, situated in the focal district of Mexico, during the early Classic Period, as per the periodization of Mesoamerican history. This had its apogee between the years 100 BC and 650 BC around.
Somewhere in the range of 750 and 800, the city was obliterated and involved by individuals of different societies who blended in with the old populace. The reasons for its obliteration are not known with assurance. As per a few creators, it would be because of changes in the climate added to different elements, like catastrophic events.
Different hypotheses keep up with that Teotihuacan was a hero and expansionist culture and that the showdown with different people groups had extraordinary significance in its obliteration.
The name Teotihuacán signifies "spot of the divine beings" in the language of the Aztecs, since they accepted that the landmarks of that spot had been worked by divine beings and thought of it as a sacrosanct domain.
Area of Teotihuacán
Teotihuacán was situated in focal Mexico, in the Teotihuacán valley, toward the east of Lake Texcoco. From that point it spread its impact both West and East, to the Gulf of Mexico locale.
Qualities of Teotihuacán
The principal qualities of Teotihuacán are the accompanying:
It was a complex metropolitan place with an enormous number of occupants. It is assessed that in its prime it would have had somewhere in the range of 85,000 and 200,000 occupants. There is proof that shows the concurrence of individuals of various ethnic gatherings in the city.
It is accepted that the principal populace settlements happened around the year 0. Around the year 150 DC the city started to be designed and the pyramids of the Sun and the Moon were fabricated. Between the year 300 and 600, the city was changed into an incredible focus of local power.
The city was partitioned into 4 quadrants in view of 2 tomahawks: the primary one was Calle de los Muertos, a wide road pointing toward the North South where the sanctuaries and the principal castles were adjusted, and the other hub was the East and West roads. In the middle the stately buildings, the bastion and the sanctuaries were found.
The direction of the tomahawks, as well as the distinguishing proof of the fundamental landmarks with the encompassing scene, has driven a few creators to propose a quest for the regular joining of the city into the climate and an association of the space in light of galactic perceptions.
The significance of stylized focus pulled in populaces got comfortable satellite towns, where a decent piece of the products that were consumed in the city were created.
There is proof of aggregate work to control the climate, diverting of springs, redirection of waterways, directing and, clearly, an arrangement of chinampas.
They were incredible craftsmans of stone, pottery and vegetable filaments like cotton, maguey and amate, with which they made various materials.
They knew the schedule, the numbering and rehearsed a hieroglyphic composition. They additionally rehearsed galactic perceptions.
Political and Social Organization of the Teotihuacanos
Political Organization of the Teotihuacan
The public authority was comprised of elites who had political, philosophical and strict control. The rulers shaped a religious standing. It doesn't appear to be that there had been a customized and dynastic type of force, since no proof of religion of the lord's character has been found as in different societies.
Social Organization of the Teotihuacan
Teotihuacan culture was estamental. It was comprised of a clerical nobility that practiced both political and strict capacities. This additionally controlled organization and business, and was the archive of information.
In a lower layer the craftsmans and authorities of the decision court were found. At last, the workers and workers of the privileged involved the most reduced class.
It is accepted that everyone wearing undergarments, covers and shoes, on account of men, and pollerines and shrouds on account of ladies. Individuals from the higher gatherings wore more intricate materials, with polychrome and trimmed with mother-of-pearl and stones. They additionally utilized adornments, for example, nose rings, accessories, arm bands, studs and pectorals made of various materials, and they rehearsed body painting and tattoos.
Religion of the Teotihuacanos
The Teotihuacanos were polytheists. Their divine beings and a considerable lot of their functions were shared by other Mesoamerican societies.
Its principal eternality was Tlaloc, lord of downpour and water. He resided in the Tlalocan, a sort of heaven from where he sent water and different gifts to the earth. All things considered, a few creators guarantee that the main divinity might have been a goddess, the Mother of Water