Role of Vitamin B12 in our Body - Comment
What's going to be covered in this presentation slides:
1. Role Of Vitamin Smriti Jha (RD,M.Sc Food &Nutrition)
2. VITAMIN B12 (cobalamin) • Vitamin B12, is also called cobalamin, cyanocobalamin and hydroxycobalamin. • It is built from : 1. A nucleotide and 2. A complex tetrapyrrol ring structure (corrin ring) 3. A cobalt ion in the center. 4. A R- group • When R is cyanide (CN), vitamin B12 takes the form of cyanocobalamin. • In hydroxycobalamin, R equals the hydroxyl group (-OH). • In the coenzyme forms of vitamin B12, – R equals an adenosyl group in adenosylcobalamin. – R equals a methyl (-CH3) group in methylcobalamin.
3. • Known as the "red" vitamin because and, it is the only vitamin to contain cobalt (Co3+) metal ion, which, gives it the red color. • The vitamin must be hydrolyzed from protein in order to be active. • Intrinsic factor, a protein secreted by parietal cells of the stomach, carries it to the ileum where it is absorbed. • It is transported to the liver and other tissues in the blood bound to transcobalamin II. • It is stored in the liver attached to transcobalamin I. – It is released into the cell as Hydroxocobalamin • In the cytosol it is converted to methylcobalamin. • Or it can enter mitochondria and be converted to 5’-deoxyadenosyl cobalamin.
4. Functions • Only two reactions in the body require vitamin B12 as a cofactor: 1. During the catabolism of fatty acids with an odd number of carbon atoms and the amino acids valine, isoleucine and threonine the resultant propionyl-CoA is converted to succinyl- CoA for oxidation in the TCA cycle. – methylmalonyl-CoA mutase, requires vitamin B12 as a cofactor in the conversion of methylmalonyl-CoA to succinyl- CoA. – 5'-deoxyadenosine derivative of cobalamin is required for this reaction 2. The second reaction catalyzed by methionine synthase converts homocysteine to methionine – This reaction results in the transfer of the methyl group from N5-methyltetrahydrofolate to hydroxycobalamin generating tetrahydrofolate and methylcobalamin during the process of the conversion.
6. Failure of Vitamin B12 Transport Congenital deficiency of transcobalamin II develops megaloblastic anaemia in the first weeks of life, despite the presence of normal vitamin B12 concentration in the serum. Early diagnosis prevents neurological damages
7. Failure of Vitamin B12 Metabolism • Rare number of congenital failure to convert the absorbed vitamin B12 to it's active coenzyme forms have been described, resulting in the excretion of methylmalonic acid and homocystine in the urine. These patients are mentally retarded, but for unknown reasons, rarely develop megaloblastic anaemia. • Anaesthetic nitrous oxide inactivates vitamin B12 coenzymes and induces megaloblastic changes & mild neuropathy.
|Posted by : peter88||Post date : 2019-11-07 01:27|
|Category : Health & Medicine||Views : 25|