Characteristics of a sentence
Posted by christina from the General category at 04 Jun 2023 04:19:20 pm.
1. Meaning of a Sentence
A sentence implies a gathering of words that checks out. It starts with a capital letter and finishes with a full stop. It generally contains a limited action word. A sentence might be a proclamation, question, interjection or order. It comprises of a fundamental proviso and at least one subordinate statements. A sentence might be short and basic or long and complex. For instance:
She prefers Desserts
She prefers Bengali Desserts
She enjoys Bengali Desserts which are made of milk
She loves Bengali Desserts which are made of milk and are delectable
2. Design of a Sentence
Design of a Sentence
Representation: Parts of a Sentence
A sentence comprises of the accompanying parts :
1. Subject : The individual or thing about which something is expressed is called subject.
2. Predicate : It is that piece of a sentence that informs something regarding the subject.
His sister works in London
The flight showed up later than expected
This is my vehicle
The young woman was running
The temperature in Gulmarg is zero degree
In the above sentences the stressed words are the subjects while different words are the predicates.
3. Direct Item : someone or something which gets the activity of the action word is the immediate article. It comes after the action word and answers the inquiry 'What'. For instance:
Sohan had breakfast
The morning meal was delectable
Naina read the book
He fixed his portable
I have composed a book
In the above sentences, stressed words are immediate articles. Sentence structure is Subject, Action word, Direct Item.
4. Circuitous Item : someone or something that the activity is finished to or for is known as the backhanded article. It is the recipient of the immediate article. It follows the action word and answers the inquiries 'Whom'. The aberrant item ordinarily comes not long before the immediate article. For instance :
She made Rava dosa for breakfast
Deepak is sending his significant other an email at this moment
Rohan has made his mom vow to buckle down
Ms. Gupta shows them relational abilities
In the above sentences, stressed words are backhanded articles. Sentence structure is Subject, Action word, Backhanded Item, Direct Article.
5. Object of the Relational word : a thing or pronoun gives meaning. The thing that comes after the relational word is known as the object of the relational word. For instance :
The feline is checking the mouse out
In this sentence "the mouse" is the object of the relational word "at".
They are going to ooty
Here "ooty" is the object of the relational word "to".
Object of the relational word is not the same as the circuitous article. The object of the relational word comes following the relational word though the Roundabout item doesn't come following the relational word. Besides, the aberrant item is typically trailed by the immediate article yet this standard doesn't make a difference to protest of the relational word. For instance :
Mohan gave Monika the book.
Mohan gave the book to Monika
In the primary sentence Monika is the backhanded article. In the second sentence Monika is the object of the relational word "to". The significance of both the sentences is something similar however their design is unique.
6. Action words : An action word implies that grammatical form which portrays an activity or event. For instance,
John ran a mile.
Perry is an educator.
We know the answer for this issue.
Action words are of the accompanying kinds as per their capability in the sentence.
(I) Limited Action words : A limited action word (or primary action word) concurs with its subject face to face and number. It frames the fundamental proviso of a sentence. It additionally changes as indicated by the strained of the sentence. For instance:
She is a teacher
They are teachers
She sets off for college five days every week
They set off for college five days every week
In the above sentences, emphasized words are limited action words.
(ii) Non-Limited Action words : An action word that doesn't change as per the individual, number and tense of the sentence is known as a non-limited action word. Non-limited Action words are of three sorts :
(a) Infinitive : It is for the most part utilized like a thing. For the most part "to" is utilized before the infinitive action word. For instance:
To blunder is human
To excuse is heavenly
Asha loves to sing
In the above sentences, stressed words are infinitive action words
(b) Participle : It is an action word which can be utilized as a descriptor. Present participle closes with ing and the previous participle closes with ed or t. For instance :
We saw the making it known today at 7 p.m.
The wrecked glass cut my foot.
The food posed a flavor like a consumed log.
In the above sentences emphasized words are participles
(c) "Ing" words : A "ing" word is an action word yet goes about as a thing. It closes with ing. For instance:
She loves understanding verse.
Playing football isn't permitted in this park.
Running is a sound movement.
Painting keeps me occupied.
I appreciate moving to old style music.
In the above sentences stressed words are "ing" words.
Kinds of sentences
A sentence is comprised of a bunch of words.
Sentences can be grouped in different ways.
As per its construction:
Bimembres supplications . They are sentences framed by subject and predicate. For instance: The observers sat in their seats.
Single sentences . They are sentences framed by a solitary part and can't be isolated into subject and predicate. For instance: What a decent day!
As indicated by its intricacy:
Basic sentences . They are sentences that are made out of a solitary action word, which alludes to a solitary subject. For instance: She will run the long distance race.
Compound sentences . They are sentences framed by at least two formed action words that allude to two unique subjects. For instance: She will run the long distance race and I will sit tight for her toward the end goal.
As indicated by the subject:
Individual petitions . They are sentences with a particular subject. This subject can be express or implicit. For instance: Competitors have until tomorrow to convey the endorsements.
Generic sentences . They are sentences in which none of the components that make them up is the subject nor is it excluded. For instance: There is a great deal of commotion.
As indicated by the voice of the action word:
Dynamic petitions . They are sentences in which the subject executes an action word straightforwardly. For instance: The president will be accountable for conveying the awards.
Latent sentences . They are sentences in which the subject gets the activity latently and is executed by a specialist supplement. For instance: The decorations will be granted by the president.
As indicated by the aim of the speaker:
Certifiable sentences. They are sentences that confirm true or data. For instance: The race will end quickly.
Inquisitive sentences . They are sentences in which the speaker poses an inquiry that is communicated between question marks. For instance: Where can tickets be bought?
Negative sentences . They are sentences that deny some reality, situation or proclamation. For instance: There are no more tickets for the present race.
Exclamatory sentences . They are sentences that show accentuation or express something between interjection marks. For instance: What a shame
Qualities of a sentence
A portion of the primary Characteristics of a sentence are:
It is comprised of a bunch of words.
It appears to be legit and it deals with its own.
It is utilized to impart a thought or pass on a message.
It is utilized both orally and recorded as a hard copy.
It very well may be essential for a bigger design, like a passage or message .
It very well may be bimembre (when it is shaped by a subject and a predicate) or unimembre (when it can't be separated into a subject and a predicate).
Differs in degree.
Comprised of various components satisfy a specific capability inside the sentence.