Do You Know What Causes Dark Spots and How to Reduce them?
Posted by eucerinmalaysia from the Beauty category at 15 Feb 2023 01:23:32 pm.
What is hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition due to harmful sun rays and causes areas of the skin to become darker than the surrounding skin due to an overproduction of melanin. It often appears as small spots on the face, arms, hands, and other body areas. Treatment options vary based on the cause and severity of the condition.
Different Types of Hyperpigmentation Conditions
Age Spots: Hyperpigmentation Issues
Pigment spots often referred to as age spots or sun spots, are caused by prolonged exposure to the sun. They often appear on parts of the body that are often exposed, such as the face, neck, décolleté, hands, and arms. These spots are usually small and dark in color.
Melasma, also known as chloasma, is a skin condition characterized by the appearance of dark, discolored patches on the face. It is most common in women and is thought to be caused by fluctuating hormone levels. Although it affects both men and women, it is more prevalent in women. Treatments for freckles include topical creams and laser therapy.
3. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a discoloration of the skin that appears following an injury or trauma. This discoloration can be caused by acne, as well as by cosmetic procedures such as dermabrasion, laser treatments, and chemical peels.
Consult your dermatologist or pharmacist if you’re concerned about any of your dark spots or if they start to bleed itch or change in size or color.
What are the Causes and Triggers of Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a darkening of the skin due to an increase in melanin, the natural pigment responsible for the color of the skin, hair, and eyes. This growth can be triggered by many factors, such as sun exposure, hormones, age, and inflammation or injury to the skin.
Sun exposure and hyperpigmentation
Sun exposure is the primary factor behind hyperpigmentation, as it stimulates melanin production and darkens existing spots, such as age spots, melasma, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Without sun protection, these dark spots may become more pronounced.
Melasma, also known as chloasma, is a type of hyperpigmentation primarily caused by hormonal influences. Hyperpigmentation can also be a side effect of specific hormone treatments.
As we age, our skin loses its ability to produce melanin, which leads to an increase in age spots. This is due to a decrease in the number of melanin-producing cells, called melanocytes, and their increase and migration to certain areas of the skin.
Skin injuries and inflammation
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a discoloration of the skin that occurs after injury or inflammation. It can be caused by many different things, including cuts, burns, chemical exposure, acne, atopic dermatitis, or psoriasis.
Disease and medication
Hyperpigmentation is a change in skin color, usually darker, due to an increase in melanin production. It can be a symptom of certain autoimmune and gastrointestinal diseases, metabolic disorders and vitamin deficiencies.
Preventing Hyperpigmentation: What Can I Do?
Taking the steps you need to protect your skin from the sun is the most important way to help prevent hyperpigmentation. Even on cloudy days, your skin can still be damaged by the sun's rays, so be sure to give it the protection it needs every day.
Ways to Reduce Existing Pigment Spots
While prevention is best, once you have pigment spots, you can take steps to help fade them and prevent their reappearance.
If you suffer from hyperpigmentation, choose skincare products specifically designed to reduce its appearance. Look out for products that have been clinically tested and proven to be safe and effective for your skin.
Treating Dermatological Issues
Chemical peels and laser therapy can help reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation by exfoliating the skin and stimulating the production of new, healthy skin cells.
Dermatologists often prescribe and use hydroquinone to reduce hyperpigmentation, as it is believed to be the most effective topical agent for this purpose.
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